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2018年广州市中考英语试卷及答案

本试卷共四大题,12满分110分。考试时间120分钟。

注意事项

1.答卷前考生务必在答题卡上用黑色字迹的钢笔或签字笔填写自己的考生号、姓名考点考场号、座位号再用2B铅笔把对应这两个号码的标号涂黑

2.选择题每小題选出答案后2B铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。如需要改用橡皮擦干净后再选涂其他答案。不能答在试卷上

3.非选择题必须用黑色字迹的钢笔或签字笔作答答案必须写在答题卡各题目指定区域的相应位置上如需要改动先划掉原来的答案然后再写上新的答案改动的答案也不能超出指定的区域不准使用铅笔、圆珠笔和涂改液。不按以上要求作答的答案无效

4.考生必须保持答题卡的整洁考试结東将本试卷和答题卡一并交回

一、语法选择(15小题每小题1满分15)

阅读下面短文按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求1~15各题所给的ABCD项中选出最佳选项并在答题卡上将该项涂黑

  Xian Xinghai was a very famous musician in China. He wrote one of the greatest pieces ofmusic of the 20thcentury. In his short life he wrote-1 300 songs and an opera.

  Xian was bom in Panyu, Guangdong, China in 1905. Because his father died before he was born, Xian moved from place to place with-2 mother. He began learning to play_3 violinwhen he was 20 years old. In the beginning, his violin wascheap and badly made thathe_5 not play it well. His friends laughed at him. Xian did not stop6and soon showedhis talent. In 1934, he was one of the first Chinese students_7 studied in a special musicschool in Paris. Before he8, Xian became the schools best student9 won severalprizes for his talents.

  In 1935, he returned to China and helped fight against the Japanese army. Later, he came toYan’an10music at a college.11there were no pianos in Yan’an at that time Xian stillwrote12of his most important music there, including The Yellow River, his most famouswork.

  In May 1940, Xian 13to the Soviet Union by the Chinese Communist Party to writemusic for movies. In the Soviet Union, life was very14. Xian got sick and later died of a lungillness15October 30, 1945, aged only 40. Xian’s music, however, lives on in the people’shearts.

1. A.near B. nearly C. nearby D.nearer

2. A.he B. him C. his D. hes

3. A.a B. an C. the D. this

4. A.so B. such C. very D. much

5. A.need B. may C.should D. could

6. A.practice B.practicing C.to practice D.practised

7. A. what B. which C.whom D. who

8. A.leave B. leaves C. left D. was leaving

9. A.and B. but C. as D. or

10. A.teach B.taught C.teaching D. to teach

11. A.If B. Although C. When D. Because

12. A.any B. little C. fewD. some

13. A.sent B. was sent C. has sent D. was sending

14. A.hard B. harder C. hardest D. the hardest

15. A.at B. in C. on D. by

二、完形填空(10小题每小题1.5满分15)

阅读下面短文掌握其大意然后从16~25各题所给的ABCD项中选出最佳选项并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

Before graduating college, Jackie began to look for a job. She aimed at a famous company, butthe 16for such jobs was very strong. The company Jackie chose planned to employ only oneperson, but more than twenty people applied for the job.17, Jackie was one of the threepeople invited for the final interview. The interview was very 18_.The interviewer asked just afew questions and it was all over in less than 10 minutes. Then the interviewer said to them, 'All ofyou are very good. Please go home and 19 our response.

Three days later, Jackie received a message saying she would not be20 the job. She feltdeeply disappointed. That evening. however she received another21. This time it said thatshe got the job.

Jackie later found out that the first message sent to her phone was part of the interview---a

22to see if she was suitable for the job. All the three people received the_23 _text,butonly Jackie’s reply24 the company Of the three, one did not reply. The other said“goodbye”and Jackie said“thank you”. This reply showed that Jackie was a/an25person, so thecompany offered her the job.

16. A.examB. workC. competition D.plan

17.A. ThankfullyB. UnluckilyC. HopefullyD.Immediately

18. A.longB. strict C.interestingD. simple

19. A. pick up B. wait forC. deal with D. think of

20. A.offeredB. returnedC. refusedD. shown

21. A.letterB. e-mailC. call D. message

22. A guideB. conversationC. test D. lesson

23. A. sameB. other C. second D. whole

24. A.reachedB. satisfiedC.helpedD. surprised

25. A. brave B. clever C. polite D. honest

三、阅读(共两节:满分45)

第一节阅读理解(20小题;每小题2,满分40)

阅读下列短文26~45各题所给的ABCD项中选出最佳选项并在答题卡上该项涂黑

(A)

For his eleventh birthday, Lin was given a gift that would shape his life. On that day his fathertook him to the Children’s Activity Centre and said he could choose any course that interested him. There was just one requirement: Lin would have to promise to study it for at least one year.

To that point Lin had had many hobbies, but none kept his interest for more than a week ortwo. His mum once gave him a bag of stamps to encourage stamp collecting. That hobby lasted aweek. Then his father got him some paints hoping that Lin’s artistic side would shine through. Those paints were now under his bed, still unopened. This time Lin’s parents would let him decide.

Lin’s eyes moved down the noticeboard that listed all the courses on offer. He stopped at'Photography'. He liked the idea of taking beautiful pictures but the notice said that each studentneeded their own camera. Although Lin’s family weren’t poor, they weren’t rich either, and acamera cost a lot of money. He continued looking.

The next course to catch his eyewas'Language Art'. He didn’t even know what that meant. His father explained that it taught people how to make public speeches. Lin, a shy boy, could thinkof nothing worse.

Then he saw it.'Cooking'sounded like something he’d like to do. It was inexpensive andconvenient, it could be done alone and it was also creative.

Based on Lin’s hobby history, his dad had doubts, but he agreed. Much to his parents’surprise,Lin kept his promise. He studied cooking at the Centre every Saturday, and practised at home,making delicious meals for his family. Everyone looked forward to birthdays, when they could eathis cakes. Lin got great satisfaction from the pleasure his food brought to others.

The months turned to years but his hobby never changed again.

Now Lin is an adult and runs a successful restaurant. When customers say they enjoy his meal, he still gets the same pleasure he did as a child, and remembers the special gift he received all thoseyears ago.

26. Why didn’t Lin choose to study photography?

A. It was too expensive.

B. He had no interest in it.

C. He was not very creative.

D. It was not offered that term.

27. The underlined expression'catch his eye'in Paragraph 4 means.

A.make him excited

B.cause him surprise

C.get his attention

D.help him see clearly

28. Which of the following best describes Lin’s interest in cooking?

A. It only lasted for a short time.

B. It seemed to match his character.

C. It was forced on him by his parents.

D. It developed slowly over many months.

29. Why did the father have doubts about Lin’s choice of cooking?

A.Lin wasn’t good at cooking.

B.Cooking wasn’t very convenient.

C.He didn’t think Lin would continue.

D.Cooking wasn’t a good hobby for a boy.

30. What’s the best title for the passage?

A.A Strict Father

B.A Changeable Boy

C.The Fun of Cooking

D.The Birthday Gift


(B)

Experts believe that there are more than 8 million restaurants in the world today. So it mightsurprise you to learn that restaurants, as we know them, have only existed for a few centuries. Before 1765, there were no restaurants. That is, there were no places that provided the restaurantexperience. There was nowhere in which a waiter brought you food and drink that you picked froma menu. In fact, there were no menus anywhere.

There were eating places travellers could go to centuries before that. The countryside was fullof inns that would serve food. And there were taverns where one could get drinks. The rich couldalso eat special meals prepared by private cooks. But none of them could be called a“restaurant”.

A man called Boulanger changed that. In 1765, he opened a place in Paris that sold soups(). On his sign he used the word'restaurant'to describe what he was selling. At that time, soups wereconsidered something that could help'restore'(恢复)your health- in French the word'restore'is“restaurer”--- so he called the soups'restaurants'. Soon, people started buying Boulanger’s soups even when they were not ill. And over time, people began to use the word'restaurant' torefer to a place selling soup rather than the soup itself. More'restaurants'opened in France, andpeople began to buy soups more often.

Later, restaurants in Paris began to serve other food besides soup. In the 1790s,menus startedto appear. By the mid-1800s, there were many types of restaurants throughout the world. TheUnited States offered coffee shops. Tea houses became popular throughout China. Paris createdbeautiful restaurants for the rich. The British began to copy the French, and the restaurant ideaspread throughout the British Empire.

Today cities are filled with all types of restaurants. Diners have millions of options fromwhich to choose.

31. What is the passage mainly about?

A.How restaurants developed

B.What made a good restaurant.

C.Who created the first restaurant

D.Why restaurants became popular.

32. According to the first paragraph, what made restaurants different from earlier eating places?

A.Restaurants only served food

B.Restaurants were more expensive

C.Restaurants were mainly in cities

D.Restaurants had a list of meal choices

33. Who did Boulanger expect to come and eat at his restaurant?

A.Rich people

B.Sick people.

C.Travellers.

D.Workers.

34. When it was first used. what did the word'restaurant'refer to?

A.A person.

B.A place.

C.Illness.

D.Soup.

35. When did restaurants begin to grow internationally?

A.In the 1600s.

B.In the 1700s.

C.In the 1800s.

D.In the 1900s.


(C)

Many people know that rubbish is a big problem on planet Earth. What many people don’tknow is that junk(垃圾)has become a problem in outer space too.

According to BBC News, there are more than 22, 000 pieces of space junk floating aroundtheearth. And these are just the things that we can see from the surface of the earth by telescopes (望远镜). There are also millions of smaller pieces of junk that we can’t see.

Objects, like bits of old space rockets or satellites, move around the planet at very high speedsfast that even a very small piece can break important satellites or become dangerous toastronauts. If the tiniest piece of junk crashed into a spaceship, it could damage the vehicle.

To make things worse, when two objects in space crash, they break into many smaller pieces. For example, when a U.S. satellite hit an old Russian rocket in 2009, it broke into more than 2,000pieces, increasing the amount of space junk.

To reduce additional space junk, countries have agreed that all new space tools can only stayin space for 25 years at most. Each tool must be built to fall safely into the earth’s atmosphere afterthat time. In the upper parts of the atmosphere, it will burn up.

Many scientistsalso suggesting different ways to clean up space junk. In Englandscientists are testing a metal net that can be fired into space junk. The net catches the junk and thenpulls it into the earth’s atmosphere to burn up. The Germans are building robots that can collectpieces of space junk and bring them back to Earth to be safely destroyed.

The problem is becoming more challenging because we’re sending more objects into space tohelp people use their mobile phones and computers,”says Marco Castronuovo, an Italian space

Researcher.

“The time to act is now. The longer we leave the problem, the bigger it will become,he says.

36. What does the underlined word“these”in Paragraph 2 refer to?

A.Telescopes.

B.Satellites.

C.Pieces of space junk.

D.BBC news reports.

37. Why is space junk considered a problem?

A.It buns up after it re-enters the atmosphere

B.It often stops the view of telescopes on Earth

C.It could force new space tools to travel at slower speeds

D.It may crash into other space tools causing damage or deat

38.Countries want future space tools to be able to fall back into the earth’s atmosphere so that.

A.the tools can be reused later

B.the tools don’t become space junk

C.the earth’s atmosphere can stay clean

D.the effects of space flight can be studied

39. How do the Germans plan to deal with space junk?

A.Catch it with nets.

B.Use robots to collect it.

C.Burn it in the earth’s atmosphere.

D.Send it further away from the earth.

40. In which section of the newspaper would you probably read this article?

A.Environment.

B.Local News.

C.Education.

D.Fashion.


(D)

2018年广州市中考英语试卷及答案
2018年广州市中考英语试卷及答案

41. How are the books on this webpage listed?

A.By price.

B.By popularity.

C.By reader’sage.

D.By writer’ s name.

42. What is true about the book Women in Science?

A.It is mainly about Marie Curie’s history.

B.It lists all the important scientific achievements.

C.It includes women scientists that aren’t famous.

D.It is mostly about the development of modem science.

43.How much will a Bestbooks Book Club member pay in total if he orders First Big Bookof Howand A Really Short History of Nearly Everythingtoday?

A.$34.

B.$30.

C.$26.

D.$24.

44.A primary school student who needs to write a science report about African elephants shouldchoose.

A.Women in science

B.First Big Book of How

C.A Really Short History of Nearly Everything

D.National Geographic’s First Big Book of the World

45. What is the main purpose of this webpage?

A.To sell books to young readers.

B.To attract new book club members.

C.To encourage students’interest in science.

D.To review books young readers might like.

第二节 阅读填空(共5小题;每小题1分,满分5分)

阅读短文及文后A~E选项,选出可以填入46~50各题空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

Most of us think the telephone was invented by Alexander Graham Bell.46 fact, an Italian named Antonio Meucci was officially recognised(认定)as the inventor a few yearsago. Who is Meucci and why wasn’t he known for his invention at the time?

Antonio Meucci was bornin Italy in 1808. He studied engineering and drawing. During hisstudies, Meucci started to experiment with electricity. 47 When two places wereconnected with wire, people in those places could hear each other talk.

In 1850, Meucci and his wife. Ester. moved to New York.Meucci was worried about his wife,because she had become very ill. 48 To solve this problem, he connected metal cablesbetween his home and his workshop. This way, they could talk to each other conveniently.

Meucci invited a group of people to see his new invention. They listened in amazement as thevoice of a singer was heard through the wires.

49Even worse, Meucci never applied for a patent (专利) on his invention.Meanwhile, Alexander Graham Bell was working on the same idea and in 1876 the patent for thetelephone was given to him.

In 2002, more than a century after Meucci’s death, his work was finally recognised by thegovernment. 50

A. He discovered that sound could travel through metal cables.

B. However, he wasn’ t the first person to think of the idea.

C. Unfortunately, only a few people attended this talk.

D. He will now be known all over the world as the telephone’s inventor.

E. He needed to keep in touch with her at all times.

四、写作(共三节;满分35分)

第一节 单词拼写(共6小题;每小题1分,满分6分)

根据下列句子及所给单词的首字母写出所缺单词。在填写答卷时,要求写出完整单词。(每空限填一词)

51. Please open the wand let some fresh air in.

52. The kind boy was happy to shis food with the hungry man.

53. To keep healthy, you should do sports and have a balanced d.

54.Ncross the road when the traffic light is red.

55. By reading 30 minutes a day, you can learn more words andiyour writing.

56. The students are very h. They clean houses for the old people every weekend.

第二节 完成句子(共7小题;每小题2分,满分14分)

根据所给的汉语内容,用英语完成下列句子。(每空限填一词)

57.你沿丝绸之路旅游过吗?

everalong the Silk Road?

58.参观广州博物馆对我们很有教育意义。

very educational for usGuangzhou Museum.

59.明天的大雨可能会阻碍我们外出。

The heavy rain mayus fromout tomorrow.

60.广州的公园每年都种很多树。

Every year, a lot of treesin the parks in Guangzhou

61.我昨晚看的那场电影真好笑!

movie I saw last night!

62.我想知道明天我们在哪里见面。

I wonder meet tomorrow.

63.如果你足够细心,就不会犯简单的错误。

You won’tany simple mistakesyou careful enough.

第三节 书面表达(共1题;满分15分)

你是英语校报编辑李华。校报收到初一新生Ben的来信,他提出了所面临的两个问题。

请你根据以下提示写一封回信,说明Ben的问题,提出你的建议并陈述理由。

2018年广州市中考英语试卷及答案

Dear Ben,

I am sorry to hear that you are having trouble getting used to life in middle schoolyou’re yourletter you said that…



Good luck with everything!

Li Hua

注意:

(1)回信应包括所有要点;

(2)词数80左右(信的开头和结尾已给出,不计入词数);

(3)不得透露学校、姓名等任何个人信息,否则不予评分。


2018年广州市初中毕业生学业考试英语参考答案

、语法选择

1-5 BCCAD  6-10 BDCAD  11-15 BDBAC

二、完形填空

16-20 CADBA  21-25 DCABC

三、阅读理解

26-30 ACBCD   31-35 ADBDC  36-40 CDBBA

41-45 BCDDA   46-50 BAECD

51. window

52. share

53. diet

54. Never

55. improve

56. helpful

57. Have you; traveled/ Have you ; travelled

58. It is to visit

59. keep/stop/prevent; going

60.are planted

61. What a funny

62. Where we will

63. make: if, are

第三节 书面表达

参考范文:

Dear Ben,

I am sorry to hear that you are having trouble getting used to life in middleschool. In your letter you said that you always felt lonely because of havingfew friends. I think it is a good choice to join some clubs in your school. In this way. you can make more friends who share the same interest withyou. Besides, you d better be friendly to others. Smile at others and you aresure to get a smile in return. On the other hand, you found it difficult toremember English words. Reading more English stories and news can helpyou learn English words in a practical way. In addition, if you can developa habit of keeping an English diary every day, it will be easier for you toremember more words. I hope you will find these suggestions useful.

Li Hua


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